Anesthesia: Relief of pain by loss of sensation.
Bladder: A muscular organ in which urine is stored.
Catheter: A tube used to drain fluid from or administer fluid to the body.
Hysterectomy: Removal of the uterus.
Incontinence: Involuntary leakage of urine, feces, or gas.
Kegel Exercises: Pelvic muscle exercises that assist in bladder and bowel control as well as sexual function.
Laparoscopy: A surgical procedure in which an instrument called a laparoscope is inserted into the pelvic cavity through a small incision. The laparoscope is used to view the pelvic organs. Other instruments can be used with it to perform surgery.
Pelvic Floor Disorder: Any disorder affecting the muscles and tissues that support the pelvic organs; these disorders may result in loss of control of the bladder or bowels or cause one or more pelvic organs to drop downward (prolapse).
Pessary: A device inserted into the vagina to support the organs that have dropped down (prolapsed) or to help control urine leakage.
Radiation Therapy: Treatment with high-energy radiation.
Rectum: The last part of the digestive tract.
Sphincter Muscle: A muscle that can close a bodily opening, such as the sphincter muscle of the urethra.
Synthetic: Made by a chemical process, usually to imitate a natural material.
Urethra: A tube-like structure through which urine flows from the bladder to the outside of the body.
Uterus: A muscular organ located in the female pelvis that contains and nourishes the developing fetus during pregnancy.
Vagina: A tube-like structure surrounded by muscles leading from the uterus to the outside of the body.