Acanthosis Nigricans: Patches of thickened, velvety, darkened skin associated with insulin resistance.
Androgens: Steroid hormones, produced by the adrenal glands or by the ovaries, that promote male characteristics, such as a beard and deepening voice.
Cardiovascular Disease: Disease of the heart and blood vessels.
Cells: The smallest units of a structure in the body; the building blocks for all parts of the body.
Cholesterol: A natural substance that serves as a building block for cells and hormones and helps to carry fat through the blood vessels for use or storage in other parts of the body.
Diabetes Mellitus: A condition in which the levels of sugar in the blood are too high.
Endometrial Hyperplasia: A condition in which the lining of the uterus grows too thick. A specific type of endometrial hyperplasia may lead to cancer.
Estrogen: A female hormone produced in the ovaries.
Glucose: A sugar that is present in the blood and is the body’s main source of fuel.
Hirsutism: Excessive hair on the face, abdomen, and chest.
Hormones: Substances made in the body by cells or organs that control the function of cells or organs. An example is estrogen, which controls the function of female reproductive organs.
Infertility: A condition in which a couple has been unable to get pregnant after 12 months without the use of any form of birth control.
Insulin: A hormone that lowers the levels of glucose (sugar) in the blood.
Metabolic Syndrome: A combination of factors, including elevated blood pressure, waist circumference of 35 inches or greater (in women), higher-than-normal blood glucose level, lower-than- normal levels of “good” cholesterol, and high levels of fats in the blood (triglycerides), that contribute to diabetes and heart disease.
Ovaries: The paired organs in the female reproductive system that contain the eggs released at ovulation and produce hormones.
Ovulation: The release of an egg from one of the ovaries.
Progestin: A synthetic form of progesterone that is similar to the hormone produced naturally by the body.